Sebaceous Gland Tumors
These are the most common and numerous tumors in dogs. They typically appear as irregular, hard, raised nodules on the skin, darker than the surrounding area. Although they don't immediately affect the dog's health, they tend to grow over time and may eventually burst.
These subcutaneous tumors are somewhat akin to trapped cystic acne. They have a tendency to spread slowly under the skin, starting as one and potentially multiplying, giving the dog's body a bumpy texture. Fortunately, lipomas are unlikely to invade internal organs and generally do not pose a significant health risk.
Mast Cell Tumors
Originating from inflamed immune cells, these tumors can look alarming due to their red appearance. They are relatively dangerous but usually benign. Treatment involves not only suppressing the tumor but also managing inflammation.
Spaying is strongly advised to help prevent these hormone-driven tumors. Mammary tumors often don't just appear singularly; multiple tumors can develop simultaneously. Early control and possibly surgical removal are essential.
Potentially the most dangerous (in personal opinion), as lymphomas are not localized but can be widespread, leading to nodules throughout the body and various complications. If primary, they can be surgically removed, but if multiple, chemotherapy is often the only option.
Can Canine Tumors be Cured?
Yes, and there are multiple ways to approach treatment. Pathological biopsies and cytological examinations are essential to identify the type of tumor. Once confirmed, further biochemical and other tests are conducted. Depending on the case, treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy, or palliative care. As long as the dog can eat and drink, there's hope.
Early Stage Treatment
Early-stage tumors can often be controlled with medication, enhanced by traditional Chinese medicine ingredients to boost the dog's immune system and bodily functions, preventing recurrence. For common benign tumors not exceeding 1 cm, veterinarians often recommend two courses of Youpingfensu, which has been effective in reducing tumor size and enhancing immunity.
Progress in Canine Tumor Treatment
While the incidence of tumors in dogs is increasing, so are the treatment options. With the right approach, there's no need for excessive worry. Effective treatment strategies are available to help manage the condition.